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Feed Ingredients

  • Stocking Rate: How Many Horses on This Pasture?

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Stocking rate is defined as the number of horses allowed to graze a unit of land for a specific amount of time. Making the most of pastures by optimizing stocking rate may reduce other forage expenditures. Stocking rate is contingent upon numerous factors including grazing behavior, level of pasture management, forage species, seasons, and weather patterns.

  • Avoid Risks from Fumonisin in Corn

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Unlike some fungus or mold species that cause problems in stored grain, Fusarium grows on corn plants before they are harvested. Stress from weather or insect damage can make plants more susceptible.

  • Feeding the Miniature Horse

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Regardless of their size, all equines have the same basic nutritional needs. Each animal must consume enough water, forage, and (possibly) grain to meet the requirements of growth, tissue repair, reproduction, exercise, and maintenance of all body systems. Factors such as body size, age, breed, work, climate, health status, and metabolism affect the type and amount of hay, pasture, and grain a particular horse should be given.

  • Recovery from Enteritis Dictates Changes in Feed Management

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Enteritis is an inflammation of the small intestine. More specifically, anterior (or proximal) enteritis affects the duodenum and jejunum, sections of the small intestine anatomically closest to the stomach.

  • Feeding the Horse Following Anterior Enteritis

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Depending upon the severity of the disease, horses may have to receive nutrition parenterally (intravenously) during treatment. This is particularly true if a bout of anterior enteritis lasts longer than three or four days.

  • Feeding Frequency

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Continuous ingestion of feedstuffs keeps the digestive tract running smoothly. Modern management practices dictate that many horses remain in confinement for long periods of time with limited or no access to pasture.

  • Forage Forms

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Forage remains the primary constituent of most well-balanced equine diets, but nowadays it can be proffered in a multitude of forms, from traditional long-stemmed hay to symmetrical cubes. The five most common forage forms are pasture, hay, cubes, pellets, and haylage.

  • Determining Work Intensity

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Optimal nutrition of the performance horse hinges foremost on the exercise it performs. Just as the diet of a human bodybuilder is dissimilar to that of a marathon runner, horses are fed with performance goals in mind.

  • Feeding the Mare and Foal after Weaning

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Weaning is a stressful time for foals and mares. While mares are often ready to say good-bye to their rambunctious, rowdy charges, foals can be far more fretful. As such, weaning rarely negatively impacts a mare. In fact, some mares may blossom and begin to flesh out once they are freed from the burden of milk production.

  • Feeding the Mare and Foal after Weaning

    By Kentucky Equine Research Staff · January 10, 2002

    Weaning is a stressful time for foals and mares. While mares are often ready to say good-bye to their rambunctious, rowdy charges, foals can be far more fretful. As such, weaning rarely negatively impacts a mare. In fact, some mares may blossom and begin to flesh out once they are freed from the burden of milk production.

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